Chinese Vase Markings

I recently purchased a chinese vase from an estate sell. Chinese MingDynasty Vases 2. The markings on the bottom read WBI and Made in China in red lettering. The vase features a blue and white floral design with guardian lion accents. Vases: 24 1/2" high Bases: 15" high Diameter: 16" at largest diameter and 8 3/4" at opening diameter Chinese rose medallion pieces were exported to the United States in great numbers beginning in the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Provide photographs showing all angles and markings on the vase. Can you give me an idea of the age too? Thank you so much. A magnificent Guyuexuan vase blue enamel mark and period of Qianlong. Of all Chinese porcelain marks, reign marks are generally the easiest markings to read as they follow a set format. Shop the Chinese Vases Collection on Chairish, home of the best vintage and used furniture, decor and art. This is a vintage collectible Chinese vase that is hand painted with beautiful oriental birds and colorful floral design. Chinese Old Apple Green Glaze Porcelain Double Gourd Vase Mark. This site is under construction. Marks may be inked, painted or engraved into the bottom. The 30 cm, bulb-shaped vase, painted in delicate shades of green, blue, yellow and purple, was described as an exceptionally well-preserved porcelain vessel made for an emperor of the Qing dynasty. This is a list of Chinese porcelain pieces that have been decorated in such a way that the decoration includes a date. Each mark should be of equal size and precise. Marks on Chinese porcelain pieces are even and regular, while marks on Japanese porcelain will include an odd number and may be in different colours. Information. Marks may reflect the name of the company that made the vase, as well as the name of its designer. Vintage Antiques and More! Search. Welcome to The Marks Project, www. On the base a stamped square iron red mark Da Qing Tongzhi Nian Zhi meaning "Great Qing Tongzhi Period Make". 9 million) paid for a 15-meter-long Song Dynasty scroll at Beijing Poly International Auction Co. Chinese White & Blue Porcelain Painted & Hollow Carved Vase W Qianlong Mark Chinese Vase Carved Detail Oriental Dragons 6 photo. The 15in (39cm) high bottle form vase, with a six-character Yongzheng (1722-35) mark to the base, featured in a timed sale held by Hotlotz from April 18 to May 3. of foot 7 in. Yixing Teapot "Zisha" Clay Pottery Maker's Marks. You can see from the pictures that it is in many years history with some age. 'If the Imperial reign mark was still intact, the vase would have sold for more than £500,000. A Chinese blue and white porcelain vase. Ming Vases• Ming vases sell for millions (the record is $72 million) What makes them so special? – Ming dynasty 1368–1644 ad – Special technology advances allowed for blue glazes to not run, and to be consistent in color – The white part of the ceramic. phillips uontion macmillanandco. The mark at the bottom of the vase is made of three Chinese characters, which is the name of the workshop that made it. Antique Chinese blue and white vase in very good condition. 8" high, in excellent condition with just some small glaze chips on the base, (please see pictures for detail. The shape of the vintage Chinese vase should fit with the space's other design elements. 00 or Best Offer Very Large Old. Other generic Kutani marks are handpainted and will vary greatly in size and writing style. There are no chips or cracks. Chinese porcelain makers, and virtually all other artisans in China have copied previous era marks and names for centuries. The piece may be marked as "Left 3", meaning that it should be positioned as the third item on the left-hand side. Top quality workmanship! A beautiful piece! 152766473450. So your in the hundreds not thousands. Bear & Raven. playing in 0:0 5: chinese works of art. An Art Deco Royal Doulton vase by Harry Simeon A 6. Lang yao red glaze, three handles in the shape of rams head, flamb glazed Sanyang Kaitai means good luck is coming The vase body is thick and heavy Mark to, 1251004438 Keeping our community safe COVID-19 Safety Precautions. Antique Chinese Porcelain Antique Chinese porcelain from all periods includes famille rose, famille verte, blue and white, blanc de chine, monochrome and others from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties to the early Republican period (before 1920). And the moth, the butterfly on the back of. At some time in its recent history, an unknown connoisseur aptly named this vase "The Flame. The dates are almost exclusively given as Chinese cyclical dates, which are repeated in 60th year cycles. 90 on average. Chinese ceramics, by far the most advanced in the world, were made for the imperial court, the domestic market or for export. Of all Chinese porcelain marks, reign marks are generally the easiest markings to read as they follow a set format. From imperial marks to the many "hall" and auspicious marks used by scholars, collectors, potters and artists this is the essential book for all professional buyers, collectors and antique and art dealers with an interest in Chinese ceramics. circa 1870. 8 million yuan (£40. Knowing the estimated age of the vase will help determine the most likely style of writing to look for. Period: 1880-1900 Measurements: Height: 44 cm / (2. Shop the Chinese Vases Collection on Chairish, home of the best vintage and used furniture, decor and art. Camera Icon Pictured is a vase that was expected to go for $5000 at auction that. Title: Vase with Nine Peaches. Chinese Qing Square Enamel Vase Qianlong Mark 19th Century. Marks with letters are listed in alphabetical order. Our website includes marks (stamps, chops and/or signatures, etc. Bague «Pompadour». See more ideas about Satsuma, Japanese porcelain, Marks. Vase, dated in the calligraphy to the ren chen year = 1892. 8" high, in excellent condition with just some small glaze chips on the base, (please see pictures for detail. Stems sold individually. antique chenghua ming chinese marked dynasty 12x7 vase porcelain pair jar jar pair porcelain antique dynasty 12x7 chenghua vase chinese ming marked. Qing dynasty, 18th- 19th century. In the case of the larger firms the mark also has publicity value and shows the buyer that the object was made by a long-established firm with a reputation to uphold; such clear name- marks. It came from a 98 year old relative's home. According to the ancient Chinese tradition of writing and reading, the marks on the bottom of a porcelain vessel are usually read from top to bottom, and from right to left. Chinese Fencai Porcelain Vase Qianlong Mark 20" Baluster Form - Multi-Technique. ) usually found on the bottom of ceramic objects created by potters, ceramic artists and sculptors. a magnificent and highly important yangcai reticulated vase. An Art Deco Royal Doulton vase by Harry Simeon A 6. I'd like to know the value. Looking for Chinese Blue White Dragon Porcelain Vase Marked? We have the best deals on Chinese Blue White Dragon Porcelain Vase Marked so stop by and check us out first! 12 2 Chinese Old Antique Porcelain qianlong mark Blue white cloud dragon Vases. 9 million) paid for a 15-meter-long Song Dynasty scroll at Beijing Poly International Auction Co. Wirework, Designs Early and Middle Japanese. M: maker's mark - mark - marrow scoop - marrow spoon - Martelé (Gorham) - matchbox holder - mate - mazarine - mazer - measure verification mark - mechanical pencil - medicine spoon - memento mori - menorah - mether cup - miniature silverware - mint julep cup - monteith - mote skimmer - mote spoon - moustache cup - moustache spoon - muffineer. 99 VERY FINE CHINESE FAMILLE ROSE PORCELAIN BOWL QIANLONG MARKED (E277) $21. The marks were usually written in ordinary Chinese script. Chinese powder blue monochrome porcelain vase of baluster shape with double ring Kangi mark. hope this helps you. Estimate 10,000—15,000 USD. Min Zheng Xing - (name) in his porcelain shop in. When we bought the vase the small chip had been restored but then the piece the shop had added disappeared. The markings on the bottom read WBI and Made in China in red lettering. A very good Chinese vase finely painted in underglaze blue with scholars, pagodas and boats in a mountainous river landscape. It is the same as with the shapes. com for European vases. com and Antique Marks. Qianlong mark to underside, 20th Century. Delftware or Delft pottery, also known as Delft Blue (Dutch: Delfts blauw), is a general term now used for Dutch tin-glazed earthenware, a form of faience. Antique Chinese Porcelain Antique Chinese porcelain from all periods includes famille rose, famille verte, blue and white, blanc de chine, monochrome and others from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties to the early Republican period (before 1920). Marking within a square, or kaku mark: This is oftentimes indicative of Kutani porcelain, which alone covers five eras. 8 cm) Classification: Ceramics. Chinese Old Blue And White Porcelain Dragons Vase With Qianlong Mark 36Cm (512). Decorated with Tian-An-Men Square and Hua Biao surrounded by a group of sun flowers. Whether your motivation is sentimental or merely a matter of curiosity, determining if a vase is a genuine antique is necessary to establish value. Check out Lark E. Marks with letters are listed in alphabetical order. Best Selling Products China Large Chinese Ceramic Floor Vases Product Gategory Bathroom Accessories Dinner Ware Canisters Mug And Tea Set Vases Candle Holder Best Selling Products China Large Chinese Ceramic Floor Vases Product No: YSb50192-01 Material: Ceramic/Dolomite Size: 19. the stand)H. Why Qianlong and. The earliest evidence for art in any form in ancient China consists of crude cord-marked pottery and artifacts decorated with geometric designs found in Mesolithic sites in northern China and in the Guangdong-Guangxi regions. FirstEdition,1876;SecondEdition,1877;ReprintediZ-]^,1886; withcorrectionsandadditions,1894. Delftware or Delft pottery, also known as Delft Blue (Dutch: Delfts blauw), is a general term now used for Dutch tin-glazed earthenware, a form of faience. FOR SALE - New York City, NY - Vintage Chinese Drip Glazed Porcelain Vase Dark Blue Mark Pottery Vintage Location: Huntington or Farmingdale Price: $25. Come and learn Chinese!. Add To Cart. A turquoise-ground famille-rose and gilt-decorated vase, Seal mark and period of Qianlong. Late 19th or early 20th century Chinese famille rose porcelain bottle vase, the body decorated with branches of ripe on Jun 27, 2015. 8 cm); Diam. This is a private site established only to promote Kutani ceramics and is an homage to all generations of artists who have developed Kutani ceramics since 350 years. I recently purchased a chinese vase from an estate sell. 6" Chinese Fine Antique Porcelain qianlong mark Blue white dragon peony Vase. weird chinese vase w/ Pandas? any ID on the mark? Discussion in ' Pottery, Glass, and Porcelain ' started by sunday silence , Apr 29, 2020. You can see from the pictures that it is in many years history with some age. photo Sotheby’s. See more ideas about Pottery marks, Chinese ceramics, Chinese. I’ve tried an effective technique to imitate the Ming Vases, the typical Chinese vases in white porcelain with blue decorations. That is, on these vase several such decorations are modified/modernified. It has birds, floral and lot of other lucky design and decorated with clouds all over the vase with marks on the bottom. Vases that had the Bailuzan shape were also described by the term “Hundred Deer” vase, which was describing the picture painted on the surface of the porcelain vase. Studio Pottery, (20th century), celadon glaze spherical vase, Inscised Chinese character mark to base, height 18. I just can't tell. The price is a house record for Hotlotz and a record for any lot sold on thesaleroom. I have seen similar ones described as sang de boeuf, oxblood and flambe but. Can you give me an idea of the age too? Thank you so much. Most shapes based on Buddhist altar sets, consisting of incense burner, two vases, and two candlesticks, or a set of three objects, and incense burner, a box, and a vase. The vase has a narrow opening with rounded shoulders leading to a tapered and narrow base. I purchased this vase, which is 18 inches tall, about 20 years ago at an estate sale. You should look for a height and width that fits into the space you are planning to put the piece in. Flow Blue is a highly-collectible, antique blue-and-white china. 7 cm); Diam. My grandparents had this heavy glass and cast iron vase in their house at least since the early 1950s. About Markings on Fine China. 8" high, in excellent condition with just some small glaze chips on the base, (please see pictures for detail. General Characteristics of Marks on Chinese Porcelain Consider the color of the marks and how they were applied to the porcelain piece. Interesting to learn the ones on Earth Bay don't have the seal. Chinese powder blue monochrome porcelain vase of baluster shape with double ring Kangi mark. Knowing what they aren't can also be a big help. Marking within a square, or kaku mark: This is oftentimes indicative of Kutani porcelain, which alone covers five eras. This could be made in China, Japan, or Korea. 138 Rare Cong vase with flower slips and some flower balls, mid C20th. Chinese Reign Marks The practice of painting marks on porcelain on a regular basis was established during the Xuande reign near the beginning of the Ming period, in the early 15th century. Understand how to read the marks on the base of most Chinese porcelain. But that didn't stop an 18-century Chinese vase from fetching more than £2. Each chinese vase art print is produced using archival inks, ships within 48 hours, and comes with a 30-day money back guarantee! Customize your chinese vase print with hundreds of different frames and mats, if desired. I picked up this brass pot and with some nice designs on the brass, looks great but I can't tell where it is fromthe markers on bottom appear. Marking within a square, or kaku mark: This is oftentimes indicative of Kutani porcelain, which alone covers five eras. Of all Chinese porcelain marks, reign marks are generally the easiest markings to read as they follow a set format. Initials used as Pottery Trade Marks Many potteries used letters and initials to identify their ware - this is an alphabetic listing of the initials used and the companies they correspond to. It is the same as with the shapes. 22" Chinese old Porcelain dayazhai mark blue glaze famille rose flower bird vase. At nanhai marine archaeology we deal with antique ceramics and Chinese pottery from ming dynasty shipwrecks. Post here! We will help you translate any language, including Japanese, Chinese, German, Arabic, and many others. Condition: In perfect condition. Many pieces of Chinese porcelain have identifying marks on the bottom of them. Lang yao red glaze, three handles in the shape of rams head, flamb glazed Sanyang Kaitai means good luck is coming The vase body is thick and heavy Mark to, 1251004438 Keeping our community safe COVID-19 Safety Precautions. The most common large chinese vases material is ceramic. From shop Ubiquities. The vase has a narrow opening with rounded shoulders leading to a tapered and narrow base. ANTIQUE CHINESE PORCELAIN Kangxi vase Blue & White 6 character reign mark - $6,250. The piece may be marked as "Left 3", meaning that it should be positioned as the third item on the left-hand side. Identify a mark by shape. 4 in) Very good Daoguang Period porcelain sgraffito vase; polychrome enamel decoration of mythical creatures above a wave border; diaper work below standing lappets on the shoulder; Greek key border below rim; minor wear to the surface; very good condition. The vase features a blue and white floral design with guardian lion accents. From shop good1369 There are 742 chinese dragon vase for sale on Etsy,. Ming Vases Year 5 made these Ming Vase arrangements by closely following Miriam Paternoster's fantastic art lesson found here – I had been waiting for ages to try this project with a class! The only change worth mentioning is that I gave the students a variety of vase outlines to trace instead of drawing their own. Chinese powder blue monochrome porcelain vase of baluster shape with double ring Kangi mark. Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next >. The find of a lifetime has turned into an even bigger pot of gold than expected. There is a small chip and a hairline crack which has been restored. In the world of Ming and Qing dynasty art, knowing how to look at a reign mark is a key asset for any collector, specialist, or enthusiast to correctly identify the date and the value of a piece of Chinese porcelain. chinese works of art. Yixing clay teapots, also called "Zisha", or Purple clay are made from Yixing clay. Of all Chinese porcelain marks, reign marks are generally the easiest markings to read as they follow a set format. 1 Ming Reign-Marks (1368-1643) 1 Hung Wu (1368-98) Chinese Marks On Porcelain Porcelain And Pottery - Europe, China And Japan. Marking within a square, or kaku mark: This is oftentimes indicative of Kutani porcelain, which alone covers five eras. Xuande Mark Chinese Bronze Vase | Watch this item. A Chinese vase for which a bidder offered a record 51. 1 Ming Reign-Marks (1368-1643) 1 Hung Wu (1368-98) Chinese Marks On Porcelain Porcelain And Pottery - Europe, China And Japan. Heavy crude reproductions from China carry a potentially confusing Satsuma mark. - Dimensions: Vase measures approx. Polyester, plastic and wire. Many marks are honorific, looking back to an earlier period in Chinese porcelain production that at the time was viewed as more desirable. This vase was consigned via a Chinese client," Mark Huddleston, senior specialist of the auction house said. In general, the marks will be red or blue and hand painted or stamped. The piece may be marked as "Left 3", meaning that it should be positioned as the third item on the left-hand side. 139 Jiangxi / Min Zheng Xing / Chu Pin - "Jiangxi Province / Min Zheng Xing (name) / Products". Large and heavy Chinese bronze cloisonne vase; ovoid body with monster mask mock handles in gilt bronze: featuring lotus blooms with undulating vines on turquoise ground; long neck with flared mouth featuring gilt bronze flange handles in form of Chilong in geometric design; supported on slightly everted short foot rim; the rim and foot with a band of ruyi heads; six-character Xuande Mark carved on base in relief; H: 30 cm, D: 16 cm, 3751 grams. 5 cm = 1 inch) Nanking porcelain: Pinyin Nanjing, Chinese blue-and-white porcelain made for export during the Qing dynasty (especially in the reign of Kangxi, 1661–1722) at. Beautiful Chinese Old Green Yellow Glazes Porcelain Flat Vase Marked QianLong Chinese Old Green Glaze Porcelain Vase Mark. Visit Moser crystal, Herend's favorite companion. Does anybody know what this mark represents. Why the marks are important: The object of a ceramic trade mark was to enable at least the retailer to know the name of the manufacturer of the object, so that re-orders, etc. In the world of Ming and Qing dynasty art, knowing how to look at a reign mark is a key asset for any collector, specialist, or enthusiast to correctly identify the date and the value of a piece of Chinese porcelain. Chinese ming dynasty vases 1. It is one of the four major styles of Chinese embroidery. Since Chinese calligraphy often has more than one character to represent one specific thing, the character best suited for application in seal form was chosen. Initially expected to sell for approximately $100,000, a rare Chinese vase that was made for the 18th-century. Chinese vase sells for £53m: the ultimate cash in the attic Mystery surrounds the identities of the mother and son who sold a rare Chinese vase they found in their parents' loft for £53million. of rim 4 1/2 in. Guest & Gray also deals in antique Japanese porcelain, lacquer, metalwork and ivory. Early Yongzheng, circa 1723. Click here to see large picture. I don´t know the age and history of it. Most of the reign marks comprised four or six characters. Marks on Chinese porcelain pieces are even and regular, while marks on Japanese porcelain will include an odd number and may be in different colors. The best porcelain was reserved for the nobility and featured an "imperial mark". Porcelain vase made in "Jingdezhen" in 1968 to mark the Chinese cultural revolution, led by chairman Mao. Serving as both evidence of its origin, age, and often times, quality, the makers mark on a porcelain item is the first place many collectors look before making a purchase. Ming Vases• Ming vases sell for millions (the record is $72 million) What makes them so special? – Ming dynasty 1368–1644 ad – Special technology advances allowed for blue glazes to not run, and to be consistent in color – The white part of the ceramic. An $86 Million Vase and Other Items from the Chinese Antiques Boom was a rare blue and white Ming-style moonflask that dated from the mid-to-late-17th century and bore a Qianlong seal mark. Chinese Old Green Glaze Porcelain Vase Mark. of foot: 2 1/2 in. 5 cm A Chinese porcelain vase , ovoid shape with two mask handles issuing from the neck, pale celadon glaze and decorated with incised anhua decoration to the body, two-character mark in underglaze blue to the shoulder. Come and learn Chinese!. Written in a way that will appeal to the beginner as well as the experienced professional, the. The decoration on the exterior is extremely detailed, fish, frog, birds, dragonfly, trees and other flora. List of Initials or Combinations of Initials used as Marks (or sometimes incorporated in Various Marks) used by British Potters from c 1775. By the end of the 19th C. Many of the decorative patterns were inspired by daily life and nature. Chinese Old Blue And White Porcelain Dragons Vase With Qianlong Mark 36Cm (512). Chinese crackle glaze cachepot censer, planter or fish bowl. Porcelain vase made in "Jingdezhen" in 1968 to mark the Chinese cultural revolution, led by chairman Mao. ) otherwise no cracks and no damages. I get messages asking if pieces of inherited or bought pottery are genuine and if I can give an approximate value. This vase was consigned via a Chinese client," Mark Huddleston, senior specialist of the auction house said. The focus of The Chalre Collection is Chinese and Asian Tradeware Ceramics -- in other words, Ceramics that were traded throughout Asia. The five-clawed dragon, in contrast, is reserved for the Chinese imperial family, while the colonial type (such as the Japanese dragon) has only three claws. All of these imports were originally shipped by European explorers and trading companies, most notably East India Trading Co. A guan-type trilobed double-gourd-form vase, A useful reference book is The Handbook of Marks on Chinese Ceramics, Gerald Davison, London, 1994. Also, while the original stamp was apparently hand made, the mark seems to be printed or stamped. 8" high, in excellent condition with just some small glaze chips on the base, (please see pictures for detail. Early bronze inscriptions were almost always cast (that is, the writing was done with a. This diminutive pear-shaped body rising to a waisted neck gently rounded inwards at the rim, delicately potted made out of immaculate white kaolin clay and applied with a milky-white glaze superbly fired to a smooth silky finish; in falangcai enamels in subtly shaded, at times blended, washes and meticulous detail with a pair of golden pheasants perched on a knotty trunk. Xuande Mark Chinese Bronze Vase Xuande Mark Chinese Bronze Vase. Hand Painted Antique Chinese Vase with Raised Markings in the Oriental Porcelain category was sold for R1,250. com : Telephone: From UK 01763 853 800 : From US/Canada 011 44 1763 853 800. Mason's ANTIQUES ROADSHOW appraisal of this Chinese Porcelain Vase, ca. 4 cm hairline in the neck. It is the same as with the shapes. Very beautiful antique Chinese blue and white vase. Most of it is blue and white pottery, and the city of Delft in the Netherlands was the major centre of production, but the term covers wares with other colours, and made elsewhere. If you speak more than one language - especially rare ones - and want to put your multilingual skills to use, come join us! 81. 139 Jiangxi / Min Zheng Xing / Chu Pin - "Jiangxi Province / Min Zheng Xing (name) / Products". The markings on the bottom read WBI and Made in China in red lettering. Ceramics from TT Pottery come in a variety of shapes and sizes including extra large and tall. the stand)H. The vase, which was in perfect condition, "is the only known example in the world bearing such detail," said Valmier. Satsuma Mark on Reproductions. We have the best deals on Chinese Old Marked Green Glaze Porcelain Vase so stop by and check us out first! Vintage Antiques For Sale. Click here to see large picture. Sometimes these are presented in a way that references Chinese coin designs – some base-marks look like coins: some have a square mark in the middle of a round base (like the hole in a coin?), and/or two concentric circles (like the. Shop today!. 5 out of 5 stars (12) 12 reviews $ 65. The most popular color?. a magnificent and highly important yangcai reticulated vase. You should look for a height and width that fits into the space you are planning to put the piece in. I get messages asking if pieces of inherited or bought pottery are genuine and if I can give an approximate value. The vase is small, 5 inches in height, but very heavy for its size. I don´t know the age and history of it. Collecting guide: 10 things you need to know about Chinese ceramics. No flaws except those actually fired into the finish. Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next >. The finely painted vase is decorated with a striking design of nine dragons among stylised. Chinese ceramic ware is an art form that has been developing since the neolithic period. 8 cm); Diam. I can't read the markings on the base, but would like to know where the vase was made, its history, and its replacement cost. Chinese crackle glaze cachepot censer, planter or fish bowl. Large Chinese Famille Rose Porcelain Vase With Mark M2303. 22" Chinese old. Large Blue and White Hexagonal Porcelain Vase Chinese Floral Pattern. When the vase has a company name and an artist's name, it may be worth more than if it simply has a company name. A Chinese vase for which a bidder offered a record 51. Does anybody know what this mark represents. Text on Balloons with ribbons are "Chairman Mao lives long life", "the Communist Party lives long life" and Mao-Zhu-Xi-Wan-Sui "Chairman Mao's. 8 cm); Diam. Decorated with Tian-An-Men Square and Hua Biao surrounded by a group of sun flowers. #asianart #chineseartauction #chineseporcelain Identifying Republic Period Chinese Porcelain Vases, as well as Bowls, and Dishes. $675 OFFER. the tapered body elegantly rising to a high-shoulder, surmounted by a tall cylindrical neck with gently flared rim, encircled at the base by three strings, the body finely carved with two sinuous dragons amongst crashing waves, covered overall in a smooth pale celadon green glaze, thinning to a. Marks may appear. (An update to this marks overview for May 2014 is now complete. TT Pottery is a family owned and operated pottery factory located in Binh Duong, south of Vietnam. 5 cm tall Condition - Very good. Ming Vases Year 5 made these Ming Vase arrangements by closely following Miriam Paternoster's fantastic art lesson found here – I had been waiting for ages to try this project with a class! The only change worth mentioning is that I gave the students a variety of vase outlines to trace instead of drawing their own. The marks were usually written in ordinary Chinese script. Hi guys, welcome to another film by antiquesarena, in this film i talk about how to read and understand Chinese reign / character marks on porcelain. 3 Like all Kangxi glazes of the dark copper-red. I have a porcelain vase the I think is Chinese with markings on the bottom. Vase, dated in the inscription to the ren chen year = 1892. It may be only 10in tall. This is a private site established only to promote Kutani ceramics and is an homage to all generations of artists who have developed Kutani ceramics since 350 years. Each mark should be of equal size and precise. Ask dealers, scholars, and serious collectors of Chinese art for their opinions on the vase's style, origin and estimated value. Sometimes these are presented in a way that references Chinese coin designs – some base-marks look like coins: some have a square mark in the middle of a round base (like the hole in a coin?), and/or two concentric circles (like the. 7 cm); Diam. Nowhere in the world has pottery assumed such importance as in China, and the influence of Chinese porcelain on later European pottery has been profound. At nanhai marine archaeology we deal with antique ceramics and Chinese pottery from ming dynasty shipwrecks. 4 cm hairline in the neck. ) otherwise no cracks and no damages. Can you give me an idea of the age too? Thank you so much. ! Bellow are charts for both Ming and Qing Period reign marks , as well as authentic examples that can be found on porcelains from the periods. It is the same as with the shapes. Buy Vase Antique Chinese Vases and get the best deals at the lowest prices on eBay! Great Savings & Free Delivery / Collection on many items Unusual Chinese Porcelain Vase 6 Character Mark. of rim 4 1/2 in. This could be made in China, Japan, or Korea. Late 19th or early 20th century Chinese famille rose porcelain bottle vase, the body decorated with branches of ripe on Jun 27, 2015. Ming dynasty porcelain was strictly controlled to ensure maximum quality. I have a large vase with lid the markings on the bottom are Chinese based on minimal research. Reign marks should. The base has a Chinese marking. Display singly or in pairs, with our without carved Rosewood fitted stands to accentuate the form of these fine porcelain vases. And the moth, the butterfly on the back of. A Beginner's Guide to Chinese Porcelain Vase Shapes. A fine and rare celadon-glazed ‘Dragon’ vase, Kangxi mark and period. My grandparents had this heavy glass and cast iron vase in their house at least since the early 1950s. com and Antique Marks. Chinese MingDynasty Vases 2. hope this helps you. A vase bearing Monroe's features sold for $605 in that sale, while a Lucille Ball head dressed as Mame brought $495. Knowing what they aren't can also be a big help. Pricing and identification guides for Chinese Vase. 明宣德 景德鎮窯青花貫耳瓶. Interesting to learn the ones on Earth Bay don't have the seal. The earliest evidence for art in any form in ancient China consists of crude cord-marked pottery and artifacts decorated with geometric designs found in Mesolithic sites in northern China and in the Guangdong-Guangxi regions. of rim: 1 7/8 in. Satsuma Mark on Reproductions. They can be made up of four to six Chinese characters, in kaishu (normal script) or zhuanshu (archaic seal script). The marks on these pieces should be symmetrical, square and even. With black berries, these Chinese Privet Stems add instant drama displayed in an empty vase or tucked into a full bouquet. Many of the decorative patterns were inspired by daily life and nature. The vase has been thoroughly. This could be made in China, Japan, or Korea. It has birds, floral and lot of other lucky design and decorated with clouds all over the vase with marks on the bottom. Chinese crackle glaze cachepot censer, planter or fish bowl. 9 million) paid for a 15-meter-long Song Dynasty scroll at Beijing Poly International Auction Co. Top quality workmanship! A beautiful piece! 152766473450. Provide photographs showing all angles and markings on the vase. Information. Bretby stayed in the hands of the Tooth family until 1933, and after the second World War became known as Tooth and Company Limited Bretby Art Pottery. Porcelain vase made in "Jingdezhen" in 1968 to mark the Chinese cultural revolution, led by chairman Mao. Although there are no vintage comparable marks, the appearance of "Satsuma" in the new marks implies the new pieces are old. Shop the Chinese Vases Collection on Chairish, home of the best vintage and used furniture, decor and art. The Satsuma mark could be Satsuma, Gyokuzan with the Shimazu circular crest above the inscription. Ending 22 Jun at 1:54PM BST 2d 9h Click & Collect Product: Vase. The mark was the name of the Emperor during whose reign the Ming vase was manufactured and they were written using Chinese characters. before 1949. The first two characters of six character reign marks consist of the name of the dynasty, for. 00 or Best Offer Very Large Old. Second quarter of 20th c. What condition is the vase in? Excellent. Ming Vases Year 5 made these Ming Vase arrangements by closely following Miriam Paternoster's fantastic art lesson found here – I had been waiting for ages to try this project with a class! The only change worth mentioning is that I gave the students a variety of vase outlines to trace instead of drawing their own. Many pieces of Chinese porcelain have identifying marks on the bottom of them. 3 million 4. Make offer - Very Fine Facing Pair Antique Chinese 20th Century Egg Shell Porcelain Vases Antique Chinese Vase Ginger Jar C17th Signed To Base Ming/Qing Large Size £50. The earliest evidence for art in any form in ancient China consists of crude cord-marked pottery and artifacts decorated with geometric designs found in Mesolithic sites in northern China and in the Guangdong-Guangxi regions. Text on Balloons with ribbons are "Chairman Mao lives long life", "the Communist Party lives long life" and Mao-Zhu-Xi-Wan-Sui "Chairman Mao's. Chinese powder blue monochrome porcelain vase of baluster shape with double ring Kangi mark. PARIS, June 12 (Reuters) - An 18th century Chinese vase found in a shoebox in an attic in France sold for 16. GUEST: Okay. Several emperors during each dynasty that ruled China over the years mentored porcelain production and encouraged artistic expression on all sorts of crafted items. Japanese markings on vases are often written in a stylized handwritten script that is difficult to read. It is particularly valued in China, Korea, Thailand, and Japan. "Fine china", Chinese porcelain By: Gilbert Sanchez Blue-and-white Flat Vase with Figures , Unknown, Yong-le Reign (1403), Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) - Yong-le Reign (1424), Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), From the collection of: National Palace Museum. Seller information. Need people to know to appreciate it. It is the same as with the shapes. Invaluable is the world's largest marketplace for art, antiques, and collectibles. It came from a 98 year old relative's home. Famille Vert Chinese Jar with Button Lid. This could be made in China, Japan, or Korea. #asianart #chineseartauction #chineseporcelain Identifying Republic Period Chinese Porcelain Vases, as well as Bowls, and Dishes. this vase measure is, 17" in height, 10" widest in diameter, 10. pottery mark query on base of japanese vases:- we have two vases, almost identical except for a slight variation of the flower on the front of vase, one leans left, one leans right. The most comprehensive reference book on Chinese reign marks is Gerald Davison’s The Handbook of Marks on Chinese Ceramics, first published in 1994. Marks written horizontally are read from right to left. 8" high, in excellent condition with just some small glaze chips on the base, (please see pictures for detail. Add To Cart. Invaluable is the world's largest marketplace for art, antiques, and collectibles. Vases that had the Bailuzan shape were also described by the term “Hundred Deer” vase, which was describing the picture painted on the surface of the porcelain vase. Qianlong mark to underside, 20th Century. FOR SALE - New York City, NY - Vintage Chinese Drip Glazed Porcelain Vase Dark Blue Mark Pottery Vintage Location: Huntington or Farmingdale Price: $25. The seal on her vase looks quite authentic to the idea of a "reproduction. The price is a house record for Hotlotz and a record for any lot sold on thesaleroom. Antique Chinese Porcelain Antique Chinese porcelain from all periods includes famille rose, famille verte, blue and white, blanc de chine, monochrome and others from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties to the early Republican period (before 1920). See more ideas about Chinese, Pottery marks, Marks. 14 6 Chinese Fine Antique Porcelain qianlong mark Blue white. Some glaze flaws, a small flea bite and light fritting to the foot rim. Check below for the Chinese Cyclic calendar as well. Chinese Porcelain Yuhuchun Vase Qianlong Mark Currency: USD Category: Antiques Start Price: 1,500. Each mark should be of equal size and precise. Ming Vases Year 5 made these Ming Vase arrangements by closely following Miriam Paternoster's fantastic art lesson found here – I had been waiting for ages to try this project with a class! The only change worth mentioning is that I gave the students a variety of vase outlines to trace instead of drawing their own. Xuande Mark Chinese Bronze Vase Xuande Mark Chinese Bronze Vase. The appreciation and a tradition of collecting Chinese ceramics also goes back a long way; beginning from the Tang dynasty (8th century) and the Song dynasty (9th to 13th centuries), many scholars. The 30 cm, bulb-shaped vase, painted in delicate shades of green, blue, yellow and purple, was described as an exceptionally well-preserved porcelain vessel made for an emperor of the Qing dynasty. Ch'ing Reign-Marks (1644-1909) 12 Shun Chih (1644-61) 13 K'ang Hsi (1662-1722) 14 Yung Cheng (1723-35) 15 Ch'ien Lung (1736-95) 16 Chia Ch'ing (1796-1820) 17 Tao Kuang (1821-50) 18 Hsien Feng (1851-61) 19 T'ung Chih (1862-74) 20 Kuang Hsu (1875-1909) Related Articles: Chinese Marks On Porcelain Porcelain And Pottery - Europe, China And Japan. This vase was consigned via a Chinese client," Mark Huddleston, senior specialist of the auction house said. My grandparents had this heavy glass and cast iron vase in their house at least since the early 1950s. When the vase has a company name and an artist's name, it may be worth more than if it simply has a company name. The piece may be marked as "Left 3", meaning that it should be positioned as the third item on the left-hand side. Bear in mind that very early chinese vases are often without marks altogether, thus making them more desiareable, and valueable, so not so much in this case. This magnificent Vintage Chinese Cloisonne Vase was hand made from golden copper cloisonne with enamel inside. Knowing the estimated age of the vase will help determine the most likely style of writing to look for. It has birds, floral and lot of other lucky design and decorated with clouds all over the vase with marks on the bottom. This site is under construction. A guan -type trilobed double-gourd-form vase, Qianlong six-character seal mark in underglaze blue and of the period (1736-1795). themarksproject. Seller information. Vases : Enhance your decor with stylish floor vases, table vases, or handcrafted pieces of pottery to make your home look more inviting. We are particularly interested in mark and period porcelain. A guan-type trilobed double-gourd-form vase, A useful reference book is The Handbook of Marks on Chinese Ceramics, Gerald Davison, London, 1994. So, we can only conclude this to be a later mark. As far as "squiggle in a square" Kutani marks, I have seen them pre war and post war through about the 1960's. Chinese Famille Rose vase decorated with magpies, prunus, and lingzhi. Why Qianlong and. 00 or Best Offer Fine Old Chinese "Ru" Kiln Green Glaze Collectible Porcelain Saucer Cup £60. A wide variety of vase markings options are available to you, such as local service location, key selling points, and laser source brand. ' Ceramics from the Quinlong period are highly-sought after, especially among the newly rich Chinese. A vase bearing Monroe's features sold for $605 in that sale, while a Lucille Ball head dressed as Mame brought $495. Antique Chinese Snuff Bottles, Vase Antique Chinese Vases, Chinese Antique Vases, Vase Antique Chinese Cloisonne, chinese tea set, Cloisonne Antique Chinese Vases, fairy dust bottles, chinese tea cup, chinese vase stand, Post - 1940 Vase Antique Chinese Vases. Jin Ping Mei (Chinese: 金瓶梅; pinyin: Jīn Píng Méi)—translated into English as The Plum in the Golden Vase or The Golden Lotus—is a Chinese novel of manners composed in vernacular Chinese during the late Ming dynasty (1368–1644). There are 780 large chinese vases for sale on Etsy, and they cost $741. Get the best deals on 1850-1899 Antique Chinese Vases when you shop the largest online selection at eBay. TOPmountain Porcelain Flower Vase,Antique Traditional Chinese Blue and White Porcelain Vase Ceramic Flower Pot for Home Decoration-C1 3. Apart from people looking for information on Satsuma Pottery or getting a great deal on the eBay listings I provide on each page, this is the most common reason people might visit this site. a magnificent and highly important yangcai reticulated vase. It is the same as with the shapes. Heavy crude reproductions from China carry a potentially confusing Satsuma mark. Chinese Old Blue And White Porcelain Dragons Vase With Qianlong Mark 36Cm (512). 00 FREE shipping Favorite because here they come. Estimate 2,800,000 — 3,500,000 HKD. A turquoise-ground famille-rose and gilt-decorated vase, Seal mark and period of Qianlong. Antique Chinese Porcelain Antique Chinese porcelain from all periods includes famille rose, famille verte, blue and white, blanc de chine, monochrome and others from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties to the early Republican period (before 1920). I purchased this vase, which is 18 inches tall, about 20 years ago at an estate sale. by Cathy (Nova Scotia, Canada) I believe my grandmother brought these Chinese Vases to England from China in the late 1800's. Chinese porcelain vase with two applied tubular handles, decorated with a mustard yellow glaze and incised flowers, 18th century, Qing dynasty. , a British concern that monetized early trade routes from Asia and profited. a magnificent and highly important yangcai reticulated vase. The Qianlong porcelain vase brought to Bainbridge's auction house a premium of £8. Japanese markings on vases are often written in a stylized handwritten script that is difficult to read. The 15in (39cm) high bottle form vase, with a six-character Yongzheng (1722-35) mark to the base, featured in a timed sale held by Hotlotz from April 18 to May 3. 00 FREE shipping Favorite because here they come. Each chinese vase art print is produced using archival inks, ships within 48 hours, and comes with a 30-day money back guarantee! Customize your chinese vase print with hundreds of different frames and mats, if desired. Ming dynasty porcelain was strictly controlled to ensure maximum quality. They can be made up of four to six Chinese characters, in kaishu (normal script) or zhuanshu (archaic seal script). 5 cm tall Condition - Very good. The price is a house record for Hotlotz and a record for any lot sold on thesaleroom. General Characteristics of Marks on Chinese Porcelain. Apart from people looking for information on Satsuma Pottery or getting a great deal on the eBay listings I provide on each page, this is the most common reason people might visit this site. The mark was the name of the Emperor during whose reign the Ming vase was manufactured and they were written using Chinese characters. There are one small dragon as the decorated handles. The beautiful lines by the enamel are also nicely done The vase also has a bumpy relief all over the vase There is also a small mark in the scene that resembles a bird. What condition is the vase in? Excellent. The vase has been thoroughly. Ming: The Dynasty Behind the Vases ''Amusements in the Xuande Emperor's Palace,'' which shows eunuchs playing a form of soccer, is one example of scrolls depicting life in the Chinese court. The shape of the vintage Chinese vase should fit with the space's other design elements. It lists around 1,800 marks, including all the major Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasty imperial reign marks in addition to the many studio marks, hall marks and myriad miscellaneous. the tapered body elegantly rising to a high-shoulder, surmounted by a tall cylindrical neck with gently flared rim, encircled at the base by three strings, the body finely carved with two sinuous dragons amongst crashing waves, covered overall in a smooth pale celadon green glaze, thinning to a. phillips uontion macmillanandco. Crossed Chinese and Japanese flag with Turkish moon mark: 19th century A. Chinese vase mark translation - Selby Cook - Oct 01, 2019 (06:55 PM) Re: Chinese vase mark translation - mikeoz - Oct 02, 2019 (07:18 PM) Re: Re: Chinese vase mark translation - Selby Cook - Oct 03, 2019 (11:01 AM) Seal and signature of Japanese painting - Andrea - Oct 01, 2019 (01:40 PM). Price is firmed. It has birds, floral and lot of other lucky design and decorated with clouds all over the vase with marks on the bottom. GUEST: Okay. Title: Vase with Nine Peaches. Min Zheng Xing - (name) in his porcelain shop in. Very beautiful antique Chinese blue and white vase. I've seen vases like that everywhere!• Because they are valuable, there are a lot of fakes. make offer - antique chinese famille rose porcelain pottery vase with dragon Chinese terracotta Vase Qing 1700s unusual blue glaze provincial bamboo theme AU $350. I can't read the markings on the base, but would like to know where the vase was made, its history, and its replacement cost. A Chinese Ru-type pear-shaped vase. 00 or Best Offer Vintage Chinese "Zisha" Pottery Hand Carving Dragons Teapot "GuJingZhou" Marks £95. When the vase has a company name and an artist's name, it may be worth more than if it simply has a company name. Large Chinese Vase with Chinese Characters and Reign Mark Ubiquities. Bague «Pompadour». The focus of The Chalre Collection is Chinese and Asian Tradeware Ceramics -- in other words, Ceramics that were traded throughout Asia. Ming Vases• Ming vases sell for millions (the record is $72 million) What makes them so special? – Ming dynasty 1368–1644 ad – Special technology advances allowed for blue glazes to not run, and to be consistent in color – The white part of the ceramic. com with top-selling Chinese Vase Markings brands. Marks with that character style did only exist in the 20th century and where not used at all in the Qing dynasty. 6″w x 4″d x 30″h. About Us; Monogram Information; Herend Announcements. I recently purchased a chinese vase from an estate sell. Chinese Blue and White, its Infancy and Evolution The earliest under glaze blue is believed to have begun in a limited way during the Tang Dyansty (618-906 AD), however it really didn't go into common usage until a better source of high quality Cobalt could be found a few hundred years later during the Yuan period when it was imported from Persia. Invaluable is the world's largest marketplace for art, antiques, and collectibles. Provide photographs showing all angles and markings on the vase. i guess the idea is with two on the mantlepiece they will compliment each other. The vase features a blue and white floral design with guardian lion accents. playing in 0:0 5: chinese works of art. Chinese Porcelain - Qing Dynasty. Vase, dated in the calligraphy to the ren chen year = 1892. 5 cm Show 11 more like this. The 30 cm, bulb-shaped vase, painted in delicate shades of green, blue, yellow and purple, was described as an exceptionally well-preserved porcelain vessel made for an emperor of the Qing dynasty. A Chinese vase expected to sell for $5000 in Perth this week has stunned auctioneers with bids reaching $500,000. of foot 7 in. a fine blue and white garlic-mouth vase seal mark and period of qianlong. : 45,5 cm Condition: (UV-checked)- With a diagonal ca. I took a clear picture of it. The most popular color?. The first pottery was made during the Palaeolithic era. $675 OFFER. A lost ancient 18th-century Chinese vase is set to sell for $9million in auction after it was discovered in an elderly woman's cupboard. The vase has a narrow opening with rounded shoulders leading to a tapered and narrow base. a magnificent and highly important yangcai reticulated vase. Plates, bowls, pilgrim bottles, and pitchers also found. Marks on Chinese porcelain pieces most commonly display the dynasty and the reign during its time of production. This traditional style of tea pot originated in China, dating back to the 15th century, and are made from clay produced near Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu. I just can't tell. Pricing and identification guides for Chinese Vase. Some may be incised. In the world of Ming and Qing dynasty art, knowing how to look at a reign mark is a key asset for any collector, specialist, or enthusiast to correctly identify the date and the value of a piece of Chinese porcelain. There are one small dragon as the decorated handles. 6 out of 5 stars 2 $11. Some people think that there must be. Although, I was told it's an governmental employee seal ancient Chinese belonging to an emperor. A Chinese Ru-type bottle vase. No chips, cracks or repairs. This is a private site established only to promote Kutani ceramics and is an homage to all generations of artists who have developed Kutani ceramics since 350 years. All work is done legally by Sten Sjostrand from Nanhai Marine Archaeology. A very good Chinese vase finely painted in underglaze blue with scholars, pagodas and boats in a mountainous river landscape. See more ideas about Chinese, Pottery marks, Marks. 9 million) paid for a 15-meter-long Song Dynasty scroll at Beijing Poly International Auction Co. Marking within a square, or kaku mark: This is oftentimes indicative of Kutani porcelain, which alone covers five eras. amanual>-ormarks potteryandporcelain adictionaryofeasyreference by w. I don´t know the age and history of it. Make an offer on the perfect piece today!. Chinese Porcelain Reign Marks Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks In the world of Ming and Qing dynasty art, knowing how to look at a reign mark is a key asset for any collector, specialist, or enthusiast to correctly identify the date and the value of a piece of Chinese porcelain. Celadon, greenish ceramic glaze that is used on stoneware. The underside is marked with a finely calligraphed six-character Kangxi reign mark. I’ve tried an effective technique to imitate the Ming Vases, the typical Chinese vases in white porcelain with blue decorations. The vase is small, 5 inches in height, but very heavy for its size. is a generic mark, but it's also related to Kutani porcelain. I have a porcelain vase the I think is Chinese with markings on the bottom. Large Blue and White Hexagonal Porcelain Vase Chinese Floral Pattern. This is a private site established only to promote Kutani ceramics and is an homage to all generations of artists who have developed Kutani ceramics since 350 years. 6 cm); Diam. The vase features a blue and white floral design with guardian lion accents. Best of all, they'll look fresh year-round. Chinese Old Apple Green Glaze Porcelain Double Gourd Vase Mark. Best Selling Products China Large Chinese Ceramic Floor Vases Product Gategory Bathroom Accessories Dinner Ware Canisters Mug And Tea Set Vases Candle Holder Best Selling Products China Large Chinese Ceramic Floor Vases Product No: YSb50192-01 Material: Ceramic/Dolomite Size: 19. It also bears two iron-red seal marks on the side which read Qianlong chen han ('the Qianlong Emperor's own mark') and Weijing weiyi (be precise, be undivided). Early Yongzheng, circa 1723. A wide variety of vase markings options are available to you, such as local service location, key selling points, and laser source brand. 1 million was the price fetched by this Chinese porcelain vase. Chinese Old Apple Green Glaze Porcelain Double Gourd Vase Mark. Marks may reflect the name of the company that made the vase, as well as the name of its designer. Discover over 278 of our best selection of Chinese Vase Markings on AliExpress. 137 Mid C20th vase, 'CHINA' mark. org, A Dictionary of American Ceramics, 1946-present. The marks on these pieces should be symmetrical, square and even. No matter what you’re looking for or where you are in the world, our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options. 574,19 + EUR 133,66 spedizione. Stock Number: 9. A turquoise-ground famille-rose and gilt-decorated vase, Seal mark and period of Qianlong. 5 out of 5 stars (12) 12 reviews $ 65. Ch'ing Reign-Marks (1644-1909) 12 Shun Chih (1644-61) 13 K'ang Hsi (1662-1722) 14 Yung Cheng (1723-35) 15 Ch'ien Lung (1736-95) 16 Chia Ch'ing (1796-1820) 17 Tao Kuang (1821-50) 18 Hsien Feng (1851-61) 19 T'ung Chih (1862-74) 20 Kuang Hsu (1875-1909) Related Articles: Chinese Marks On Porcelain Porcelain And Pottery - Europe, China And Japan. No chips, cracks or repairs. Title: Vase Period: Ming dynasty (1368-1644), Xuande mark and period (1426-35) Culture: China Medium: Porcelain decorated with cobalt blue under transparent glaze (Jingdezhen ware) Dimensions: H. That is, on these vase several such decorations are modified/modernified. Shop for chinese vase art from the world's greatest living artists. Home; Pattern; Figure; Creatures; Plants; Landscape; Calligraphy ; 3D Exhibition. Highlighting the sale was Chinese molded white glazed porcelain vase with the Jiaqing seal mark and of the Period that sold to a Chinese buyer for $710,500 – a world auction record for a single vase of this period. 2″ tall without lid. Heavy crude reproductions from China carry a potentially confusing Satsuma mark. The decoration on the exterior is extremely detailed, fish, frog, birds, dragonfly, trees and other flora. The five-clawed dragon, in contrast, is reserved for the Chinese imperial family, while the colonial type (such as the Japanese dragon) has only three claws. Guest & Gray also deals in antique Japanese porcelain, lacquer, metalwork and ivory. It is truly collectible item. Shop today!. Chinese crackle glaze cachepot censer, planter or fish bowl. The Copied Chinese Reign Mark as a TRIBUTE Myth. There are no chips or cracks. A Chinese Ru-type pear-shaped vase. Chinese White & Blue Porcelain Painted & Hollow Carved Vase W Qianlong Mark Chinese Vase Carved Detail Oriental Dragons 6 photo. View It on eBay. Delving a bit deeper into Chinese calligraphy, into the origin and etymology of the characters, shows the characters are indeed correct. From shop Ubiquities. Reign marks should. ! Bellow are charts for both Ming and Qing Period reign marks , as well as authentic examples that can be found on porcelains from the periods. And the moth, the butterfly on the back of. On each six-character reign mark, the first two characters indicate the dynasty, the second two characters give the name of the Emperor, and the last two characters translate to “made for”. So your in the hundreds not thousands.